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Windsurfing is an exhilarating adventure, but it’s not without risks.

The adrenaline rush, the salty sea breeze, and the joy of riding the waves come with potential hazards, leading to common windsurfing sport injuries.

In this article, we take a deep dive into the world of wounds, sprains, dislocations, and sunburns that can occur while windsurfing.

Stay prepared and informed to make the most of your thrilling windsurfing experience.


Cuts and abrasions

Cuts and abrasions are common in windsurfing due to the sharp edges of equipment or contact with rough surfaces while in the water.

These injuries are usually minor but can be painful and require proper cleaning and care to prevent infection.

Bruises and contusions

Bruises and contusions occur when there is an impact or collision during windsurfing, causing blood vessels to rupture and blood to leak into surrounding tissues.

These injuries can be painful and lead to swelling and discoloration, but typically heal on their own over time.

Sprains (wrist, ankle)

Sprains are common in windsurfing, especially in the wrist and ankle, due to the need for these joints to support and stabilize the body during maneuvers.

A sprain occurs when the ligaments connecting the bones are stretched or torn, causing pain, swelling, and limited mobility.

Strains (muscle)

Muscle strains can occur in windsurfing when muscles are stretched or torn, particularly in the legs and back from the powerful work required in the sport.

These injuries can cause pain and reduced mobility and may require rest and proper care to recover.

Dislocations (shoulder)

Shoulder dislocations are a common injury in windsurfing due to the forces exerted on the shoulder joint during falls or crashes.

Dislocations occur when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket, causing pain, swelling, and limited movement.

Prompt medical attention is necessary to properly treat these injuries.


Fractures, or broken bones, can happen in windsurfing due to direct impact with the board or other surfaces during falls or accidents.

Fractures can be extremely painful and debilitating, requiring immediate medical attention and immobilization to heal correctly.


Tendonitis, the inflammation of a tendon, is a common injury for windsurfers due to the repetitive and forceful motions involved in the sport.

This can cause pain and reduced range of motion and may require rest and anti-inflammatory treatment to recover.


Sunburn is a common but often overlooked injury associated with windsurfing due to the prolonged exposure to sunlight and reflection off the water surface.

Sunburn can be painful and damaging to the skin, so it’s essential to use sun protection and limit exposure to reduce the risk.

Drowning (rare)

Drowning is a rare but serious risk in any water sport, including windsurfing.

Proper safety equipment, such as life jackets and wetsuits, should be used, and beginners should be accompanied by experienced individuals to reduce the chances of this life-threatening event occurring.


Hypothermia, the condition of having an abnormally low body temperature, is a potential risk in windsurfing, especially in cold water conditions.

Wetsuits and appropriate gear can help reduce the risk, but it’s important to recognize the warning signs of hypothermia, such as shivering, confusion, and dizziness, and seek prompt medical attention if needed.

How to Treat Windsurfing Sport Injuries

  1. Cuts and abrasions: Clean and dress the wound properly to prevent infection and promote healing. Keep the affected area clean and dry until it is healed.
  2. Bruises, contusions, sprains, and strains: Follow the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation) to manage pain, reduce swelling, and promote healing. Avoid putting weight on the injured area and seek medical advice if pain or swelling persists.
  3. Dislocations and fractures: Seek immediate medical attention for proper treatment and immobilization. Do not attempt to reposition or move the injured bone without professional help.
  4. Tendonitis: Rest the affected area, use ice to reduce inflammation, and consider taking over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication as recommended by your doctor. Consult a healthcare professional if symptoms persist for appropriate treatment options.
  5. Sunburn: Apply aloe vera or over-the-counter creams to soothe the affected area. Stay hydrated and avoid further sun exposure until the sunburn has healed. If the sunburn is severe, consult a healthcare professional.
  6. Drowning: Perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if necessary and seek immediate medical attention. In case of a near-drowning event, monitor the person involved for signs of complications and consult a healthcare professional.
  7. Hypothermia: Remove the person from cold water, remove wet clothing, and wrap them in warm, dry blankets. Seek immediate medical attention if symptoms do not improve or if there is a concern for severe hypothermia.

How to Prevent Windsurfing Sport Injuries

Windsurfing is an exhilarating and enjoyable water sport, but it can also lead to various injuries if precautions are not taken.

This article provides essential tips on preventing common injuries and ensuring a safe, fun experience on the water.

  • Warm up and stretch before hitting the water, focusing on the groins, hips, hamstrings, Achilles tendons, and quadriceps.
  • Wear protective gear such as life jackets, wetsuits, and helmets to reduce the risk of injury and ensure safety in the water.
  • Maintain proper fitness and core strength to support the body during windsurfing activities and decrease the likelihood of strains and sprains.
  • Learn proper techniques from experienced windsurfers or qualified instructors to reduce the chances of accidents.
  • Choose suitable equipment and ensure it is well-maintained to prevent equipment-related injuries such as cuts and abrasions.
  • Stay aware of the environment while windsurfing and avoid dangerous locations with rocks, shallow water or strong currents.
  • Be mindful of the sun and use sun protection such as sunscreen, sunglasses, and UPF-rated clothing to prevent sunburn.
  • Know your limits and avoid pushing yourself too hard, as overexertion can lead to injuries.
  • Rest and recover after windsurfing sessions to allow your body to heal and avoid overuse injuries such as tendonitis.
  • Follow safety guidelines and recommendations, including the use of life jackets and wetsuits, especially for beginners or in more challenging conditions.


What are some common injuries in windsurfing?

Common injuries in windsurfing include cuts, abrasions, bruises, contusions, sprains, strains, dislocations, fractures, tendonitis, sunburn, drowning, and hypothermia.

How can I treat minor injuries like cuts and abrasions from windsurfing?

Clean and dress the wound properly to prevent infection and promote healing. Keep the affected area clean and dry until it is healed.

What safety measures can I take to prevent injuries while windsurfing?

Warm up, stretch, wear protective gear, maintain proper fitness, learn proper techniques, choose suitable equipment, stay aware of the environment, be mindful of sun exposure, know your limits, and follow safety guidelines.

What should I do if I suspect hypothermia while windsurfing?

Remove the person from cold water, remove wet clothing, and wrap them in warm, dry blankets. Seek immediate medical attention if symptoms do not improve or if there is a concern for severe hypothermia.

Max is a sports enthusiast who loves all kinds of ball and water sports. He founded & runs stand-up-paddling.org (#1 German Paddleboarding Blog), played competitive Badminton and Mini Golf (competed on national level in Germany), started learning β€˜real’ Golf and dabbled in dozens of other sports & activities.

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