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The National Sport of Finland is Pesäpallo.

Pesäpallo is a unique and dynamic Finnish game, combining elements of baseball and cricket, beloved by Finns of all ages.

To learn more about sports culture in Finland, read our article about the most popular sports in Finland.


#1 History of Pesäpallo

  • 1920s: Finnish athlete Lauri “Tahko” Pihkala devises Pesäpallo after being inspired by American baseball and British cricket.
  • 1922: First official Pesäpallo match is played in Helsinki.
  • 1930: Finnish Pesäpallo Association is established to govern and promote the sport.
  • 1939-1945: Pesäpallo serves as a training tool for Finnish soldiers during World War II, emphasizing teamwork and physical endurance.
  • 1952: An exhibition Pesäpallo match is played during the Summer Olympics in Helsinki.
  • 1975: The Finnish national Pesäpallo championship series, Superpesis, is founded.

#2 Culture and Traditions

Pesäpallo is a quintessential part of Finnish cultural identity. Known as the “Finnish national sport,” it forms an important connection to their heritage, allowing generations to bond and community to thrive.

Annual tournaments and events, such as Cup Finals, alongside local and regional competitions, keep interest in the sport alive and vibrant. Admirers and players congregate, forging connections through their shared love for Pesäpallo.

Pesäpallo teams often receive strong support from their local communities, with a spirit of camaraderie celebrated among fans. Players foster a sense of unity and pride, strengthening cultural ties through sport.

#3 How it Works: Rules, Gameplay and Equipment

📕 Rules & Gameplay

  • Field: Pesäpallo is played on a field with four bases forming a diagonal zigzag pattern.
  • Players: Each team has 12 players, including three designated “jokers” that can bat in any order.
  • Hitting: The pitcher stands near the batter and throws the ball vertically, with the batter aiming to hit the ball into fair territory.
  • Running: After hitting the ball, the batter runs to the bases in a specific order, scoring points for each base reached.
  • Defense: The defensive team seeks to get three outs by either catching fly balls, touching the base before the runner, or tagging out the runner with the ball.

⚙️ Equipment & Gear

  • Ball: A small, spherical ball made of leather, with a circumference of approximately 22 cm.
  • Bat: A round wooden bat, designed to provide control and precision for hitting vertically pitched balls.
  • Gloves: Leather gloves are worn by players to protect hands during fielding and catching.
  • Shoes: Specialized sport shoes with cleats, designed to provide traction on grass or synthetic turf fields.

#4 Modern Development of Pesäpallo

In contemporary times, Pesäpallo has evolved with an emphasis on player development, including youth recruitment and coaching. The sport has expanded its reach globally with international leagues and tournaments, such as the World Cup of Pesäpallo.

Recent technological advancements have improved both player performance and fan engagement. Tools for analyzing player movements and statistical data offer insights for coaching and understanding the sport. Thanks to advancements in live streaming and social media, fans worldwide can follow their favorite teams and players more closely.

Over the past decades, the modern development of Pesäpallo has shown an increase in the popularity of the women’s game. Women’s Pesäpallo tournaments and leagues have gained more visibility and recognition, promoting equal opportunities and appreciation for female athletes in the sport.

#5 Pesäpallo and the Olympics

Though Pesäpallo has never officially been part of the Olympic program, it did make an appearance at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Olympics. Pesäpallo was showcased in the form of an exhibition match, presenting an opportunity for the world to learn about the unique Finnish sport.

The inclusion of Pesäpallo as an exhibition sport at the Helsinki Olympics garnered interest and contributed to the sport’s global recognition, exposing it to an international audience and inspiring other countries to experience and adopt the sport.

#6 Famous Athletes and Achievements

  1. Isokallio, Sami: One of the finest batters in Pesäpallo history, he has been awarded the title of Pesäpallo Superpesis Player of the Year on multiple occasions and has led his team to numerous championships.
  2. Kivioja, Anu: A trailblazer for women’s Pesäpallo, she has captured numerous titles and awards in her career, including multiple Finnish Championships and Athlete of the Year titles.
  3. Ratilainen, Jani: A prolific outfielder, known for his exceptional fielding and hitting skills, he has won the Golden Glove award multiple times and played a pivotal role in his team’s championship victories.
  4. Viita-aho, Pekka: This legendary player and coach is admired not only for his impressive athletic achievements on the field but also for his dedication to coaching and developing the sport in Finland.

#7 Where to watch Pesäpallo

  • Ruutu and YLE: Finnish broadcasters offering live coverage of national Pesäpallo matches and Superpesis league games.
  • International Pesäpallo Federation’s website: Provides information about international tournaments and events, as well as streaming options for worldwide fans.
  • Live in Finland: Experience the excitement of Pesäpallo matches at renowned venues like Ratinan Pesäpallostadion (Tampere), Kiri Stadium (Jyväskylä), and Kankaanpää Ballpark (Kankaanpää).

Max is a sports enthusiast who loves all kinds of ball and water sports. He founded & runs stand-up-paddling.org (#1 German Paddleboarding Blog), played competitive Badminton and Mini Golf (competed on national level in Germany), started learning ‘real’ Golf and dabbled in dozens of other sports & activities.

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